Almost one-third of the Earth needs to be protected by 2030 and pollution needs to be cut down by half if we want to save our biodiversity, a United Nations report warned.
United Nations has released a report stating almost one-third of the Earth needs to be protected by 2030 and pollution needs to be cut down by half if we want to save our biodiversity, reported CNN. Our planet is on the verge of entering the sixth phase of mass extinction, an event that has almost entirely been brought upon by humans. A draft plan that was released on Monday by the UN Convention on Biological Diversity has set the global goal in order to combat the diversity imbalance that will be coming up in the future if we don't take action now.
Back in 2010 in a Japan summit, similar targets had been set but most of those goals were not met when we entered 2020, and as a result of the failure, the human race is facing unprecedented extinction rates that have threatened ecosystems. Scientists have also warned that the human race will face dire consequences.
The draft plan reads, "Biodiversity, and the benefits it provides, is fundamental to human well-being and a healthy planet. Despite ongoing efforts, biodiversity is deteriorating worldwide and this decline is projected to continue or worsen under business-as-usual scenarios." The primary goal of this UN Convention is to do whatever in their power to stabilize the dangerously fragile ecosystem and set the goal 2050 as the recovery window of the ecosystems. If we succeed, then we have a shot at "living in harmony with nature", but in order to do that, these goals require urgent action being taken on both local and global levels.
In order to achieve this goal, the draft plan has stated 20 targets that need to be achieved and it includes everything, starting from carbon reduction emission to achieving food sustainability. Among the 20 stated targets, one of the most important ones is to give the protected status to the sites that are very acutely important in order to maintain a balance in biodiversity. Around 30 percent of the land and sea areas need to be covered, 10 percent of those areas will be falling under the 'strict protection need.
Another primary target of this convention is to achieve the reduction of plastic waste by at least 50 percent. The target drafted by the UN Commission aims to ensure every trading that is done involving wild species is legal with sustainability. Some other target from the draft includes focusing on the quality of human life by providing clean water and better security to the most fragile communities, to begin with. The plan should be finalized and adopted in October at a biodiversity summit in Kunming, China.
Scientists have warned the human race for many years now that we are slowly inching towards mass extinction. As they predicted, we have managed to enter what scientists are calling a sixth mass extinction and the first one that is completely being brought forward singlehandedly by the human race. In fact, the imbalance in nature is so severe that elephants can disappear within a generation and the amphibian population is also rapidly declining. Not to forget that due to the adverse effects of climate change that is warming the oceans and acidifying the water, which is posing a severe threat of destroying the coral reefs completely.
To put a number to it, almost 8 million species on Earth at the moment are facing the threat of extinction and the global rate of extinction has increased to at least tens of hundreds of times more than it was during the last ten million years. One of the major reasons for the extinction rates rising at such alarming rates is because of reasons like population explosion and depleted resources.
But, since we cannot stop the population boom, this plan needs to be put in action as soon as possible. The plan released on Monday has already warned that the current world population of 7.6 billion is expected to reach 8.6 billion by 2030 and 9.8 billion by 2050 and it will directly have major effects directly on resources that include basic demands like food, infrastructure, and land use.